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Quantum Entanglement

This is one of the disagreements between the Special Theory of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. According to Special Relativity, nothing can travel faster than light. Instant connection between two spatially separate objects observed in quantum mechanics, is in contrast with the principles of the special relativity. Roger Penrose describes the entanglement as:“Modern preoccupation with action-at-a-distance (to which Einstein objected) revolves around a purely quantum phenomenon. This is the celebrated thought experiment in which an 'entangled' system of two objects is created. The wave function of object # 1 is correlated with the wave function of object # 2. By the axioms of quantum mechanics a measurement of the properties of object #1 forces its wave function to collapse, instantly implies a correlated collapse in object #2 though it be arbitrarily far away.” [16]

Brent Nelson, M.A. Physics, Ph.D. Student, UC Berkeley writes: “Non-local effects...occur in quantum mechanics and they cannot be understood in terms of one thing being separate from another - some sort of global activity is taking place.”
Scientists have been puzzled by this strange phenomenon. Spooky action at the distance without any apparent link also exists in electromagnetic or gravity fields. In case of quantum entanglement, no logical explanation, which can be agreeable by all, has been offered so far.

Aspect’s Experiment


Alain Aspect and colleagues in 1982 experimentally proved the reality of quantum entanglement, and the non-local actions. The diagram below sketches the experiment for more detail, please refer to http://roxanne.roxanne.org/epr/index.html or other related academic books and resources.

Alain Aspect designed and performed the above experiment to examine the concept of quantum entanglement. A similar experiment has been repeated in different parts of the world since then. They all proved the entanglement exists between pair of particles that are far apart in space. Albert Einstein struggling to stick to a deterministic world suggested that there are contributing variables at work that produces this effect and are hidden from us. He believed that somehow the first particle sends a message to the other one at the distance to act accordingly. He believed these variables are hidden from us because of our limited knowledge. However, the hidden variable explanation for the entanglement has been proved wrong by Bell’s theorem and different experiments. Entanglement exists without any space-time link.
Quantum physics tells us that two particles are not separate. Rather, the two particles are entangled together and express a seamless unity. Here, the notion of identity and locality no longer applies.

In 2013 MIT News office released an article titled ”You can’t get entangled without a wormhole”. Julian Sonner and his group of MIT Physicists, proposed an answer for the entanglement. They showed that by creating two entangled black holes, then pulling them apart, A wormhole is created— essentially a “shortcut” through the universe — that connects the distant black holes. They showed that creation of two entangled quarks — the building blocks of matter — simultaneously gives rise to a wormhole connecting the pair.

By definition singularity exists at the centre of each black hole. Worm holes are hypothetical distorted space-time structures. From the above experiment can we derive that connection between two entangled particles is via the proposed singularity at the centre of the black holes?

Moreover, the geometry, or bending, of space-time classically has been described by the Einstein’s general theory of relativity. However the idea has been subject to many controversies. It has been suggested that classical gravity is not a fundamental concept, as Einstein first proposed, but rather emerges from a more basic, quantum-based phenomenon. Sonner suggests that gravity may, in fact, emerge from entanglement. Gravity may be a consequence of entanglement between pairs of particles strung together by tunneling wormholes.[17]


Telepathy is a common experience. People who are spatially apart from each other show different signs of connectedness without an apparent space-time link. This connection is also common between humans and their pets. [18]

Quantum entanglement provides the scientific basis for this phenomenon. The unexplained is getting explanations through science and specifically through quantum mechanics. No more need for witches, psychics or priests. Their insights are limited and normally mixed with misconceptions and delusions. Science is revealing the secrets.

Penrose, Roger, et al.The Large, the Small and the Human Mind. Cambridge University Press, 1955. 
Sheldrake Rupert. The sense of being stared at. Crown Publishers, 2003 
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