• images/banners/banner2.png
  • images/banners/banner3.png

Spectral/Spatial Complementarity 


We can also extend the uncertainty principle to information carried in a beam of light after it passes a lens. Depending on the location of a screen behind the lens, we can either have a sharp image of the object, or we may come up with a fuzzy image or no image at all. On a proper location every portion of image data has a defined spatial location. Whereas in no image locations the information is carried by light rays are at spectral version and they do not exist in spatial location. Interestingly, in spectral form the data are non-local. Which means every small portion of space carries all of the information about our object in hand.

Here we have a complementarity relation between spectral and spatial features. As we come close to focal point we depart from spectral phase and come to locality. With the same token when we leave focal point we enter spectral phase again and the non-locality prevails. Isn't this a good analogy for understanding the relation between a spatial local world and non-spatial non-local energy-informatics domain? In our model this paradigm is the proposed singularity. The local-spectral complementarity of image can offer a good description for double slit experiment described below.

Information Organization complementarity

Information and organization also have a complementarity relationship with each other. Pure and invariant information is found in the quantum vacuum (the proposed singularity in this model). As we move to mofe structured system more specification prevails and information gets more limited.

Schroedinger's Cat: Super Position of States


Objects in classical physics are in a well-defined state, whereas in quantum mechanics the objects do not possess one definite state. For example, in classic physics an object spins either clockwise or counter clockwise and around a definite axis. In quantum physics, a particle is spinning simultaneously in both directions and around any possible axis there is. In other words, a particle concurrently spins around any probable axis that is possible. Erwin Schrödinger one of the founders of quantum physics, offered an analogy where a cat being dead and alive at the same time after an event that could poison or not poison a cat. The analogy is famous and is named after him.

In classical physics terms either the poison is released and cat dies or the poison is contained and cat would be alive. But in quantum mechanics, the both outcomes are acceptable simultaneously. This simultaneous existence in different states is called super-position of states. According to quantum theory, the superposition remains till we open the box. As soon as we open the door we just see one outcome (either a dead or a live cat). This implies to any other object and to the objective reality in its totality. Before we observe it, the reality out there is in super-position of states and it has all possible histories. Yes, quantum mechanics is weird but precise. Every attempt to disprove it failed and all of its predictions hold so far.

The Schrödinger’s cat is simultaneously dead and alive. Such a sentence does not relay any meaningful concept to us. Or does it?

In the observable world a cat is either dead or alive. The series of events lead to just one of the possibilities.
How are we going to explain this quantum mechanical effect? Multi universe theories claim that there are different universes that accommodate different possible outcomes of each action. This is hard to accept. There are countless actions in each miniscule of time in the universe and far more possibilities as well. Possibilities are endless. It means we have to have endless numbers of universes and the number is growing every second at a rate that transcends all concepts of infinitudes. It is also grossly against conservation of energy law if we choose to hold it. This concept is not economical either.

The so- called model dependant realism asserts that our brain interprets the input from our sensory organs by making a model of the world that is successful in explaining the events. However this model does not necessarily reflect the reality out there in its totality. M theory, the new model which gathers all possible string theories under one roof, asserts that each string theory is good to describe phenomena with a certain range. But none of the theories in M theory network can describe every aspect of the universe.
Hawking and Mlodinow therefore suggested that since no single string theory can describe, all of the properties of particles and forces and the shape of space and time containing them, therefore the reality out there should be multi-form 92.[2]

This to me is taking our theories fundamental and trying to adjust reality to our model. Although string theory is working within a modified space-time model, it's bench mark is still space-time like. Alternatively, we may take our frame of reference under question. Maybe we have to radically alter our scope and question if the space-time is the only possible benchmark.
On the other hand, Schrodinger's wave equation which represent the super-position of states, contains the imaginary factor i. Thus quantum state will always turn out to contain terms that are imaginary. E.H. Walker claims that,

"The complex character of the wave function in Schrodinger's wave equation means that what is there in a sense is hidden from us.” [3]

One can claim further that, somehow in quantum arena we are exposed to a realm different from objective realm. If this realm is not space-time like, then Multi-universe conjectures or M theory is not needed.

Stephen Hawking, Leonard Melodinow, The Grand Design,Bantam Books, New York, 2010 
Walker, Evan Harris. The Physics of Consciousness. Perseus Publishing, 2000. 
© 2008 UniversalTheory.org . All rights reserved.