Singularity is commonly denied on the grounds that the smallest scale possible in space-time is the Planck distance (1.6 x 10^{35} m).^{[7]} This length, while very small, is still not zero, and therefore, it is concluded, singularities cannot exist. However, here I assume that singularity exists outside space-time. Therefore, the above reasoning does not apply to this model.

Soo Kim argues that thing has a meaning only as long as there is nothing. If nothing does not exists, thing loses its meaning.

Assumption C7 (in the article “Complex Numbers”) also proclaims that zero is a domain separate from space-time. In his book The Road to Reality, Roger Penrose writes, “Unacceptable singularities in a classical theory do not necessarily tell us that such blemishes will persist in the appropriate quantum version of that theory.” ^{[8]}

The assumption that singularity is not part of space-time opens the possibility of a new definition of reality. If we assume that singularity is a separate entity and outside our space-time universe, then two major questions arise.

1. If our physical knowledge is derived from the laws of space-time, how can we define and explain an entity that lies outside this physical universe. Singularity should be incomprehensible.

Steven Weinberg, one of the great physicists of our times, questions, “How can we get the ideas we need to formulate a truly fundamental theory, when this theory is meant to describe a realm where all intuitions derived from life in space-time become inapplicable?” ^{[9]} Singularity seems to be an abstraction, according to our current understanding of physics. However, the notion of consciousness is obscure as well. Does this mean that we should abandon our efforts to understand this concept?

2. Can anything outside the boundaries of our universe affect our lives?

If the answer to this question were no, we justifiably would not want to concern ourselves with the matter. However, the model presented in these articles advocates that life and everything else in space-time is influenced by and intermingled with the zero-point realm. If this is true, we should easily find these influences as evidence to support its existence as well as a means to describe it. Therefore, I assert that singularity may be comprehensible and that our intuition may help us to investigate it. In addition, it may be possible to comprehend quantum behavior using insights derived from this realm.

Assertion C4 (in the article “Complex Numbers”) assumes that zero point can exist at every point of the domain. In at least one theory (loop quantum theory), the internal boundaries of the universe are believed to exist in every minuscule of space. The theory states that space is not a continuum; rather, it has a discrete and fabric-like texture. Assertion C5 also points to the discreteness of space and time and any other computable. According to this, we may be exposed to out-of-space in every miniscule of space-time. In these articles, I hope to show that the singularity is also involved in every basic function in space-time. Therefore, the singularity may not be as remote and irrelevant as one might assume.

As mentioned above, physicists avoid the concept of a being outside the space-time universe, because it is considered incomprehensible and out of reach. However, I believe that if we look closer, we will realize that some characteristics of singularity are within our grasp.

### Cartesian coordinate system

In mathematics, the Cartesian coordinate system is widely used to determine the position of points on a plane. In physics, the system is used to measure the values of different physical parameters. In this system, zero is positioned in the middle of the coordinates. However, at zero point, the magnitude of any actual world parameter that coordinates may represent is zero. Therefore, zero point does not contain or represent the value at X,Y, Z etc... Therefore, we may conclude that, although zero is positioned at the center of any computable in space-time, it does not possess those identities. This is the basis for the assumption that singularity, which is represented by zero in my model, is a separate entity.

**Assumption S1**: Singularity is a separate entity.

To further define singularity, let us discuss the different properties we can or cannot ascribe to it. Specifically, I am referring to the five fundamental elements of our universe: matter, space, time, energy, and information. We will now explore whether any of the above can be attributed to singularity.

^{↑}

^{↑}

^{↑}