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SINGULARITY and SPACE-TIME UNIVERSE

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Isaac Newton believed that space is the background in which motion takes place. Therefore, he took space as an actual body and as the absolute benchmark for the universe. On the contrary, Gottfried Leibnitz believed that heavenly bodies move relative to each other and that there is no background. Thus, he denied that space is an actual entity. Ernst Mach had a similar idea, but he introduced acceleration as a contributing factor for the motion of stars. He also believed that the relative motion of heavenly bodies is affected by the distribution of mass throughout the universe.

Albert Einstein, however, introduced the idea that the cosmic background is a combination of space and time. He declared that space and time are actual entities. Although individually, space and time are relative and malleable, the space-time combination forms a solid background for the universe. In his relativity theories, space-time is vibrant and active in the evolving world. Time and space can dilate or shrink depending on object’s relative speed. In other words, objects are behaving differently based on their space and time frame of reference. The gravity of stars curves the shape of space. The curved space bends the trajectory of other stars. Hence, space-time is not just a rigid and passive background but a dynamic entity.

Einstein’s model has passed the test of time, and many experiments and observations confirm its precise predictions. Below, I propose a model for universe that adopts Einstein’s space-time fabric but includes it into a bigger scheme.


Super-Space

For some time we have realized the need to look beyond ordinary four-dimensional Minkovsky space-time to explain many physical phenomena. Many mechanisms—for example, electromagnetic fields—cannot be explained in the context of a four-dimensional universe alone. To explain these mysteries, mainstream physicists chose to theorize another space-like manifold in addition to ordinary space-time. This manifold is called super-space. In basic terms, the idea of super-space presumes that the points in space-time are actually cross-sections of bundles which are extended into this proposed super-space.

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Extra dimensions in super-space are called internal dimensions. Therefore, every point in space-time should have internal dimensions that are out of site. Interestingly these bundles (fibres) are frequently represented by a complex vector, which include an imaginary portion.

The introduction of super-space opens up a can of worms and subjects our theories to the doldrums of extra dimensions. Super-string theory proposes up to seven extra dimensions. Did super-space solve existing mysteries in theoretical physics? On the contrary, it created a lot of chaos and dragged theoretical physics to places that are far from objectivity. Maybe it is time to forget about extra dimensions. Maybe it is time to think about a non-space-like entity adjacent to our universe. Here, I am proposing the singularity as the non-spatial essence adjacent to space-time.

   
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