### Gravity in This Model

I take the Sakharov-Puthoff model as a lead to present an alternative model for gravity. the Sakharov-Puthoff model claims that particle interaction with ZPE and perturbation of it is the origin of gravity and curving space-time.

Einstein’s general relativity denotes that a massive object curves space-time and the free falling objects follow the curved space-time.

Mark McCutcheon, in his book The Final Theory, raised a valid question (McCutcheon 2010). The gravitational force is constantly at work. As such, its energy is being constantly consumed. Therefore, one will expect that the force diminishes and disappears with the passage of time. This is contrary to observations. Small energy loss through gravitational waves does not reflect the tremendous energy needed to constantly curve space along the path of heavenly bodies. The earth’s gravitational pull continuously curves a new portion of space as it moves along its orbit around the sun. The curved space has kept the moon in an orbit around the earth for more than four billion years with minor changes. For the gravitational pull to stay unchanged, the force has to replenish constantly. We need an unending source of energy to provide gravity and the space-bending effect that exists throughout the universe.

The principle of equivalence, tells us the gravitational force corresponds to masses involved. The Einstein field equations imply that any accelerated mass radiates energy. Similarly, the Maxwell equations indicate that any accelerated charge radiates electromagnetic energy.

Previously, I used the bouncing ball analogy for particle-wave function. Please note that the velocity of a bouncing ball is always changing. In our model, particles are constantly accelerating or decelerating while following the path of their wavelength. Therefore, we can assume that the radiated energy exert the attractive force. We call this attractive force gravity.

This force is also proportionate to the particle’s frequency and thus its mass. This will satisfy the equivalence principle of gravitational and inertial mass. Einstein postulated that gravity is actually the movement of objects with a constant speed in curved space-time. If gravitational field is in fact the geometry of the fabric of space in any location, is it an actual force? Do we need to try to unify it with the electromagnetic, weak force, and strong force within the grand unified theory scheme? The graviton is the assumed particle responsible for the gravitational field in the standard model. The Large Hadron Collider is supposed to find the graviton. But what if it cannot? We should hypothesize alternative models that can create gravity effect.

In this model, the long sought-after and never found graviton is not needed to exhibit the gravitational curvature of space. In my conjecture, the wave function of a massive object (by radiating energy) creates the curvature needed for gravity’s effect in Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

### Equivalence Principle

Looking at presented model for wave-particle, we find a good explanation for the equivalence of gravitational and inertial mass. The Compton frequency is proportionate to the mass of the object. The energy of the object is also directly related to its frequency and the total mass that it carries. A wave function as described above would deliver a force to the fabric of space-time that is proportional to its mass and energy. Therefore, the mass of an object is directly related to the curvature produced in space-time, and as a result a gravitational field is formed.

In reality, gravity is not only related to the mass of an object. More precisely, gravity is related to the mass and the energy carried by it. For example, a compressed spring has more energy and therefore creates more gravity. The model presented above explains the phenomenon. In our model, the curvature created is related to the total energy, not just the mass of the object.

### References

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